People who are frequently in the public eye can prevent themselves from being contacted by strangers. Such people may choose to have their names added to what is known as the Liste Noire. If you do this, it will no longer be possible for anyone to find you in any directory.
As a general rule, other options should be considered first. You can also choose to publish only part of your address details or only publish your details in the electronic directories (List listings). You will find more information here.
If your listing includes an advertising block, for instance, you cannot be contacted by a telemarketing firm (see also the question "How can I prevent unwanted advertising?").